In Greek mythology, the Centaurs represent half man and half horse. They were the sons of the Thessalian king Ixion.
The centaurs were very wild and no one dared to saddle them. It was a great honour to mount them. Some centaurs lived near temples as sacred beings. The most famous centaur was Cheiron, and that was because of his wisdom. It was Cheiron's belief that centaurs became a symbol of virility, bravery and strength.
CheirÃ³n was the teacher of many heroes (Iason, Achilles, Heracles, Theseus, Asclepius, etc.). After being unhappily wounded by Heracles with a poisoned arrow, he renounced his immortality and asked the god Hades in the underworld to replace him with the titan Prometheus.