A multitude of fascinating legends, stories, mythical characters and symbols... all this is hidden under the term Greek mythology. Ancient Greece was an advanced civilization and curious Greeks sought to describe and explain everything around them, including natural phenomena and the creation of the world. And so Greek gods, mythical heroes and mythological monsters were created.
The reflections on the origin of the world were followed by other... ...about the causes of human behavior, the organization of human society, the essentials of existence itself. Ancient Greek philosophy had a profound influence on the development of all Western philosophy and many of the ancient Greek philosophers are still quoted today. The extant writings of ancient Greek scientists, philosophers and writers laid the foundations of modern society and culture on a global scale. The great Greek philosophers Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Pythagoras, the earliest Greek poet Homer, the father of history Herodotus, the famous Greek dramatists Sophocles, Euripides and Aristophanes and many others.
On the political level, Ancient Greece consisted of individual city-states (called polis), of which there were a huge number (more than a thousand). The most important ancient city states were above all Athens, Sparta, Thebes, Corinth, Rhodes and Syracuse. These city-states were independent of each other, with their own legislative and judicial systems and competed with each other for power and the best possible position within the political and social order of ancient Greece (the Greek Wars). But they also had much in common, especially culture and tradition and were also united by their fight against a common enemy, the vast Persian Empire (the Greco-Persian Wars).